iSQAPER Newsletter 10 May 2018
|Newsletter 17 January 2019|
In this edition of the iSQAPER newsletter, we focus on the iSQAPER study site in Estonia, which will also be the location of our next plenary meeting.
The Tartumaa study site, Estonia
Estonia is situated in the north-east of Europe and is bounded by the Gulf of Finland, Russia, Latvia and the Baltic Sea.
The most intensively managed farms (dairy and cereal) are found in Central Estonia, while alternative and organic farms tend to be on the west coast and the islands. In the study area there are mixed farms, with the main income from animal husbandry and crop production. However, specialized dairy or arable farms dominate and they can be both organically and intensively managed. Grasslands are mainly fertilized with slurry and mineral fertilizers on big farms and not fertilized at all in some small farms. Grass is cut on average 3 times a season. Crop rotations are based mainly on cereals (spring- and winter-wheat, barley, oats), oilseed rape and red clover/timothy mixtures. Both conventional and reduced chisel-based tillage is used as are precision agriculture techniques.
We have two new videos from the Estonian team. In this first one they introduce us to the landscape and land use of the area.
In the second video they describe the soils, together with the specific degradation problems that can be observed.
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